The central part of North America has been flooded several times during the last 500 million years. At times, a shallow seaway has been open from the present-day Gulf of Mexico to the Arctic Ocean.


The Permian formations common to the Hutchinson County area were deposited in such a sea approximately 299 to 251 million years ago. The earliest residents of our county are from the Cambrian era. Invertebrate fossils of trilobites, cephalopods, snails, clams and corals found here are as much as 600 million years old.


During the Rocky Mountain uplift, stream erosion increased, and huge channels distributed the outwash onto the present Great Plains, forming the Ogallala Formation which is Pliocene and Miocene in age. Fossils of the period have been preserved in Hutchinson County including horses, camels, rhinos, giant Bison, and several sorts of elephant. By Pleistocene times, many of these became extinct, but Mammoths and Mastodons as well as Bison were still common.


Explore the fossils and bone fragments, including a mammoth tusk, at the Hutchinson County Historical Museum. Plan your visit.



What is Paleontology?

Paleontology is the scientific study of life forms that existed in the earth's distant past as revealed though the examination of the fossils of plants, animals, and other organisms.

aticamelus fossils, panhandle of Texas,


mammoth, fossils, panhandle of Texas, ancient sea


mammoth tusk, fossils, panhandle of Texas, ancient sea
clam fossils, panhandle of Texas, ancient sea
ammonite fossils, panhandle of Texas, ancient sea


mammoth tusk


Hutchinson County Historical Museum   •   618 N. Main Street   •   Borger, TX 79007   •   806 273 0130

Tuesday - Friday 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.   •   Saturday 1:00 to 4:30 p.m.

Copyright 2014-17